The War and Art Project

Highlighting the Cultural Effects of Iconoclasm


Primary Sources:


Anonymous, Protestants ‘Making a Clean Sweep’ of a Catholic Church, 1566. Engraving. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Accessed April 4, 2022. 


Coxie, Michiel. Central Panel of the Triptych of the Holy Sacrament Chapel, Lord’s Supper, 1567. Painting. Collection Koninklijke Musea voor            Schone Kunsten van België, Brussels. Accessed April 4, 2022.


Hogenberg, Frans. The Calvinist Iconoclastic Riot of August 20, 1566, in Antwerp, the Key Moment of the Beeldenstorm in 1566. Etching.                    Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Accessed March 7, 2022.


Key, Adriaen Thomasz. Left Exterior Wing of The Last Supper, 1575. Painting. Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp. Accessed           April 4, 2022.{%22pages%22:[2],%22view%22:%22scan%22}.


Key, Adriaen Thomasz. Right Exterior Wing of The Last Supper, 1575. Painting. Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp. Accessed         April 4, 2022.{%22pages%22:[4],%22view%22:%22scan%22}.


Luyken, Jan. Iconoclasm, 1566. Etching. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Accessed April 4, 2022.            1896-A-19368-50.


Rollin, Kirby. Vandal in Victory, Vandal in Defeat, c. 1918. Crayon Drawing. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Accessed               April 24, 2022.


Secondary Sources:


Freedberg, David. Iconoclasm and Painting in the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1566-1609. New York: Garland, 1988.


Jonckheere, Koenraad. Antwerp Art After Iconoclasm: Experiments in Decorum:1566-1585. Brussels, Belgium: Mercatorfonds, New Haven:              Distributed by Yale University Press, 2012.


Rowen, Herbert H. “The Dutch Revolt: What Kind of Revolution?” Renaissance Quarterly Vol. 43, no. 3 (Autumn 1990): pp. 570-590.


Saunders, Eleanor A. “A Commentary on Iconoclasm in Several Print Series by Maarten van Heemskerch.” Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for          the History of Art 10, no. 2 (1978): 59–83.


Suykerbuyk, Ruben. “Chapter 7 1566: The Beeldenstorm and Its Aftermath.” In The Matter of Piety. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2020.           


Tertiary Sources:


Beranek, Dr. Saskia. “Iconoclasm in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth Century.” In Smarthistory, July 2, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2022,                , “Historical Maps of the Netherlands & Belgium.” Accessed April 26, 2022.


War and Art Project

University of South Alabama

Mobile, Alabama

© Tiffany Beasley 2022

Contact: ArtShire Substack